Diamond Anatomy

No two diamonds are exactly alike; and these differences are celebrated as making each diamond its own rare beauty. However all diamonds share certain traits. The crystal rough of the diamond helps determine its eventual structure and proportion which all contributes to its brilliance, dispersion and scintillation. Each diamond part has a specific name. Understanding how each part contributes to the beauty of the polished diamond as a whole will aid you in finding your perfect diamond.

Every diamond has several main components; the diameter, table, crown, girdle, pavilion, depth, and culet. Below is a brief description of each part of a diamond and its location.

  • Diameter: A polished stone’s width, measured from edge to edge.
  • Table: The largest polished facet located on the top (usually center) of a diamond.
  • Crown: The top part of a diamond which is visible in its setting. 
  • Girdle: The widest edge creating a circumference around the diamond where the crown and pavilion meet.
  • Pavilion: The underside of a diamond extending from the girdle to its culet.
  • Depth: The entire height of a diamond measured from the table to the culet.
  • Culet: The small often pointed facet at the very bottom of the diamond.

Before selecting your diamond, become comfortable with a basic knowledge of each part of a diamond’s anatomy. This way, you’ll truly appreciate a diamond’s intricate traits and be able to express elements that are important to you about a particular stone Most of all, you’ll discover that you can make a well-thought out decision about which diamond is perfect for you.

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